Ontology: Topics Associations Occurrences Roles Scopes Master Index


Base Names


Occurrence Instances (77)

A Taxi In Knowledge Land
Bandholtz reports on a R&D project with a focus on implementing topic map functionality as a web service. The primary usage is within a public portal (German Einvironmental Information Network), but the service is provided for general use in the scope of environmental protection. The topic map contains a thesaurus and a gazetteer. The report gives an overview on architectur and methods, and on the tools employed, and on standardization issues.
A Topic Map constraint language specified using a textual notation including use of regular expressions for name constraints.
Cogitech Inc.
Connecting XML, RDF And Web Technologies For Representing Knowledge On The Semantic Web
: In order to represent knowledge for it to be usable web-wide and in interoperable ways, it should be done using well-known, and the most appropriate web technologies. These include the XML family of standards and the Resource Description Framework (RDF). RDF is a metadata format that uses a directed, labeled graph structure, URIs for identifiers, XML for its its syntax, and a simple type and class structure for recording schema information. RDF can be used with many XML technologies such as XML Namespaces, RELAX NG, XML Schema, XSLT and has relationships to others such as XTM, XPath, XQuery, SQL and relational databases. When these technologies are used, the knowledge has to be described in web-wide concepts which are usually provided in what are variously called schemas, ontologies, thesauri or vocabularies. These vocabularies can include general ones such as the Dublin Core, ones from particular communities, from existing controlled vocabularies and new ones for particular purposes. These need to be able to be mixed and matched, discovered and new concepts understood (if only partially) in order that relationships between the concepts can be made. These methods and forms are the technological basis of the Semantic Web idea. This paper describes how these technologies are best used together, their relationships and where each of them can be appropriately applied. This is done using examples of how they are being used in different applications, communities and industries. The ongoing development of the mentioned standards is also be explained.
Developing A Topic Map Programming Model
This paper was first presented at Knowledge Technologies 2001 in March of that year. The paper presents the case for developing a standard API for creating and accessing topic maps programmatically and proceeds to develop and evaluate four different approaches to such an API.
Download Page
A web resource which is the gateway to allowing the download of a software application or library. A download page may require some form of user identification or registration before the actual binary files can be retrieved.
A Document Type Definition - a formal description of the allowed structure of an XML document instance.
Dynamic Publication Through Content Structure Management Tools
Dynamic publication has become a strong requirement in environments where content flow is important and need for customized organization of information is critical. Financial organizations use both expert produced documents (tax, legal, financial) and commercial documents about their products. The overall documentation is used in different contexts, for different purposes, using several formats. Managing 'content structures' in a repository independent from the content itself can significantly improve content publication process, reusability of content itself, and accurate, customized dynamic publication. We'll show on an use case of assets management documentation how a clear separation from 'Content' and 'Content Structures' can be used to allow every actor in the information chain to create new structure patterns, as well as new documents, and finally deliver completely customized documentation to the end users. We'll show how RDF and Topic Maps standards enable this crucial segmentation between reusable content and content structures. We'll show how 'content structure management' tools feet into content management architecture with portals, content management systems, and content authoring tools. We'll show how separate management of 'content structure' open the way to a new family of content management tools such as 'content intelligence tools', 'content organization authoring tools'.
The English language. Includes US and British English.
The International standard description of the topic maps paradigm. This standard also defines an interchange syntax using SGML and HyTime linking. The most recent version of this standard also includes [XTM 1.0] as an annex.
Identities And Names In Knowledge Management
This paper presents a concise investigation and classification of the nature of identities and the role of names in knowledge management solutions. Identities and names, while being the very foundation upon which knowledge management solutions are built are also the least clearly explained and understood. This leads to a conflicting and often inconsistent use of identity and naming in any given solution. As we move towards integrated knowledge management solutions, identity has an even greater role to play in providing consistency and forming bridges between knowledge models. We begin this paper with a study of the different aspects of identity including 'thing identity', 'The Scope and Granularity of things to be identified', 'Assigning meaning and Published Identity', 'Identity Assignment and Resolution' and 'Identity Structure'. The next section introduces the idea of names and illustrates how they are different from identities. Throughout this paper we provide syntactic examples of the ideas discussed using several standards, including RDF and TopicMaps. We conclude this paper with a discussion about how identity and names could evolve and what future role they may expect to play in knowledge management solutions.
Intelligent Topic Manager (ITM)
ITM enables customers to federate scattered information resources and organise access to those resources through multiple organisation models. The ITM architecture relies on a clear separation between content and its organisation (a basic topic map principle) and makes use of the topic map paradigm for creating those structures.
International Organisation for Standardization
ISO 13250
The original description of the topic map paradigm, now in a second edition.
A collaborative knowledge-management environment based on topic maps.
k42 Semantic Web Server
A meta data server which can store meta data in RDF and topic map form and provides access through a Java API or via a SOAP web-service interface.
k42 Web Author
A browser-based GUI for editing topic map data held in a [k42] server.
Kal Ahmed
A human natural language.
A simple interchange syntax with an emphasis on ease of authoring. This syntax does not make use of XML notation.
Nexist is a collaborative learning environment written as a client-server application in Java. Students use the Nexist environment to propose ideas which are then responded to by other students with related discussions and other resources either to support or dispute the original proposition. Nexist makes use of a topic map structure persisted in a relational database to hold all of the information relating to propsed ideas and the discussions and related resources. Nexist also has a plugin to allow direct editing of the XTM information - thus providing a multi-user collaborative topic map editing environment.
OASIS Vocabulary for XML Standards and Technologies TC
Online Demonstration
An online demonstration of a software application which allows the user to interact with the software.
Ontopia Knowledge Suite
The Ontopia Knowledge Suite (OKS) is a complete set of tools for building, maintaining, and deploying topic map-based applications. As of version 1.3, it consists of the Ontopia Topic Map Engine, the Ontopia Navigator Framework, the Full-text Search Integration, RDBMS Backend Connector, and the Topic Map Query Engine and Schema Tools. A Web Editor Framework and Topic Map Server are currently under development and will be released in 2002. Further components are also planned.
Ontopia Omnigator
A reference implementation of the [Ontopia Navigation Framework] which provides a generic topic map browsing interface in a standard web-browser.
Ontopia Web Editor Framework
A toolkit for the development of browser-based front-ends for the collaborative creation and editing of topic maps.
Open Directory Topic Maps Category
A category of the Open Directory project dedicated to Topic Maps.
Product Description
A resource providing a non-technical overview of a product.
Query Language
A Vocabulary for expressing queries over a topic map or a collection of topic maps.
RDF and Topic Maps, An Exercise in Convergence
Describes a relationship between RDF and Topic Maps in terms of a relationship between their respective models.
Real World Applications of Topic Maps
Since the adoption of the topic map ISO standard in 2000 and the release of the XTM specification earlier this year, topic maps have gotten a great deal of attention. The concept has been billed as the be all, end all for knowledge organization and representation. Battles between topic maps and RDF zealots have broken out, with each touting the strengths and advantages of their individual schemes. However, through the din, a common question has arisen from users: "This sounds cool, but what can I use it for in my organization?" Several topic map vendors and architects have developed example topic maps in order to demonstrate the power of the topic map paradigm. However, in most cases, these applications are merely toys and not of much use in a commercial enterprise. They also deal with topics (no pun intended), such as genealogy and music, which are often difficult to map to real-world applications. If potential users are unable to bridge the chasm between the examples and their own potential uses of the paradigm, they are rarely willing to risk dwindling corporate resources to field even a pilot program. In keeping with the conference theme "What Really Works", this paper will present a real-world application of the topic map model in use at a real company. The application includes a parts management system and IETM . The paper will discuss the application and highlight the successes and challenges encountered in designing and implementing the system.
Reference Model For Topic Maps
Presents the core features that underpin the topic map standard. Acts as a base which the [Standard Application Model For Topic Maps] extends to provide features such as names, occurrences and associations.
Requirements For The Standard Application Model
Described as being "a little old, but no newer versions are available. (For 'foundational model', substitute "Standard Application Model" throughout.)".
SemanText is a semantic network application which uses topic maps to represent its knowledge base. SemanText is also capable of extracting topic map information from XML sources and of using rules-based inference to enrich a topic map.
sold by
A role type in an association, e.g., subject topic 'sold by' object topic.
Techquila's Topic Map World
The Techquila Topic Map World topic map is an attempt to gather together a comprehensive database of information about topic maps and topic map applications in a single topic map resource.
The MITRE Corporation
The TAO of Topic Maps
A paper from XML Europe 2000 that provides an introduction to topic maps, taking as its starting point the forms of navigation with which we are all familiar from the world of printed information: indexes, glossaries and thesauri.
The TM4J Project
tmproc is a topic map processing engine written in Python. tmproc stores the processed topic map information in memory only.
TMQL Draft Requirements
Early draft of the TMQL requirements.
TMQL Requirements 1.0.0
Requirements for the TMQL language as a whole and the query portion of that language in particular.
A plugin for the ontology editor application Protege which enables a Protege project to be exported in XTM syntax.
A Prolog-like query language for topic maps.
tolog - a topic map query language
A paper from XML Europe 2001 that describes a query language for topic maps called tolog. This query language is inspired by Prolog and fully supports the [TMQL] requirements. It has a clear and simple syntax, and its basic features are easy to implement.
Topic Map API
A common programming interface to topic map information. Provides a DOM-like structure for accessing and modifying a topic map.
Topic Map Designer
A graphical topic map editor with a drag-and-drop user interface for creating topics and associations.
Topic Map Loom
Topic Map Loom? technology is used to create topic maps and apply those maps to existing information sets. It works by transforming documents in given formats into documents in other formats with all navigation features in place. Topic Map Loom is not designed to create source information or store source information. Likewise, it is not designed to be used as a browser or a publishing engine. Topic Map Loom simply enables the user to create a topic map and apply that map to source information in order to create browsable or printable output.
Topic Map Query Language
A query/update language for topic maps being developed by ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC34.
Topic Map World
A Topic Map of people, products, and writings related to the topic map research community.
Topic Maps and RDF: A first cut
Ten theses on the relationship between topic maps and RDF. This is a first cut at understanding the similarities and differences between these two approaches to making information findable.
Topic Maps for Repositories
A paper presented to XML Europe 2000 which describes the potential of applying topic maps to improve access to and navigation around a multi-user document repository.
Topic Maps Published Subjects for Geography and Languages TC
Topic Maps Published Subjects TC
Topic Maps visualization
Topic maps - the new ISO standard ISO-IEC 13250 - provide a bridge between the domains of knowledge representation and information management. Topics and topic associations build a structured semantic link network above information resources. Our research aims at visualizing this semantic layer efficiently, which is a critical issue as topic maps may contain millions of topics and associations. This paper is divided into 3 parts. First, we depict briefly basic topic maps concepts. Then, we review a few graph visualization techniques. Finally, we describe the visualization tool we developed at the Laboratoire d'Informatique de Paris 6 and study how this tool may be used - and enhanced - for topic maps visualization.
Topic Maps, The Business Case
A paper presented at XML 2001 which presents real-world case-studies of the applicaition of topic maps to systems development. The paper includes examples of topic maps for structuring and delivering web content, topic maps as a flexible data structure for complex applications and topic maps used for systems integration.
Topicmaps.net's Processing Model for XTM 1.0
Topicmaps.net's Processing Model for XTM 1.0 defines a set of rules for processing topic map documents in order to reconstitute the meaning of the information they are intended to convey to their recipients. It could be used as a partial blueprint for a topic maps application, but that is not its primary purpose. Its primary purpose is merely to illustrate, in a rigorous fashion, the authors' deepest understanding of the meaning of topic map information.
Towards A General Theory Of Scope
A paper from Extreme Markup 2001 that provides the first ever in-depth examination of the topic map concept of "scope": What scope is, how to use it, how it relates to "context", and not least how applications might take advantage of it when processing a topic map.
User Documentation
End-user documentation for a product or software application.
Graphic representation of topic map information.
XML Schema Topic Map
The XML Schema topic map is presented as a guide index along-side the W3C XML Schema Recommendation. Browsing the index, in many cases automatically loads the relevant part of the XML Schema recommendataion documents. Currently only an HTML-ized version of the topic map is published, although XTM files are available from the author on request.
XML Topic Maps
The first book dedicated to topic maps. Contains chapters covering the basics of topic maps and XTM syntax; knowledge representation and ontological engineering; creating enterprise web sites from XTM documents; open-source topic map applications; semantic networks and knowledge organisation; and visualisation techniques.
XML Topic Maps And Technical Information Systems
On first glance, the TM (Topic Map) paradigm appears to be an attractive way to handle the complex structures in which technical information is created and used. A contemporary Technical Information System consists of database items, external files or BLOBS, and an application that knows the meaning (semantics) of all items. TMs offer a way of describing the semantics in the data itself, to build up a self-explaining knowledge store. TMs promise easy integration with TM-based knowledge bases from other sources, technical or not. They also promise generic support for terminology management, semantic search capabilities, inferencing and other useful features. However, challenges are plentiful. Due to the vast amount of information and the needs of the users, Technical Information Systems place high demands on the stability of the underlying software, as well as on its performance. It is not obvious that TMs are suitable to store the structures underlying technical information. The advantages of TMs may be purchased with new disadvantages. This paper is based on the diploma dissertation of Mario Klesse, which was written under supervision of the author, to investigate the usefulness of TMs for Technical Information Systems. Both agree that TMs can be used to describe the information structures, but that the technology is ? at the time of writing the thesis ? not yet mature enough for productive use.
XTM 1.0 Core Published Subject Indicators
Contains topics representing the key concepts of the topic map paradigm. If you are looking for a topic for "topic" or "topicmap", you will find them here!
XTM Interchange Syntax
An XML vocabulary for the interchange of topic map information as defined in [XTM 1.0]. This syntax uses XML notation and XLink linking structures.
XTM Languages Topic Map
Contains topics for both countries and languages.
XTM Perl Modules
A collection of Perl modules for parsing and manipulating topic map data. Topic maps can be loaded from an XML based resource (local or remote via an URL) as prescribed by the XTM standard. There is also a way to tie a map to any persistent medium. The latter is especially interesting when running this module along with a (web) server.